Latin American Literature :.
During the sixties Latin American Literature became quite famous due to the Magical Realism of authors such as Gabriel García Márquez (Colombia, 1928) and Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru) who published their best-known books in this period. Especially ¨Cien Años de Soledad¨ (Hundred Years of Solitude, 1967) gained world-fame and has been translated in several languages. In 1982 García Márquez won the Nobel Price for Literature and up until now he is a very popular writer. Isabel Allende (Chile) continued the tradition of the Magical Realism after García Márquez. Her famous book ¨La Casa de los Espíritus¨ (The House of the Spirits) occurs during the years of the regime of Salvador Allende (1970-1973), right before the Chilean dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.
However, even before Márquez, Vargas Llosa and Isabel Allende there were two poets Gabriela Mistral and Pablo Neruda who became world famous with their poems and won two Chilean Nobel Prices.